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Author Topic: Bryophytes  (Read 69939 times)
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« Reply #15 on: February 09, 2008, 10:01:50 PM »

I just ran across this site that may have images of some of the listed species.
Annie Martin
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« Reply #16 on: March 02, 2008, 08:03:43 PM »

Hey Jerry
Interesting discussion...  and most of the best references have been recommended about bryophytes in Georgia by others.  I will add to the list:


Janice Glime's Ebook... still in progress... promises to be the BEST accessible reference source for bryologists and moss lovers.

In addition, she is author of another older reference book that has good color photos... and many of the same bryophytes can be found in parts of Georgia... Elfin World of Mosses and Liverworts of Upper Pennisula of Northern Michigan. It is only available directly from the publisher...

Susan Munch's recent book... Mosses and Liverworts of Pennsylvania... 2006..GOOD reference... GOOD photos... although a bryologist, she writes in terms that can be understood by the hobbyist. Once again... mosses in Pennsylvania... similar to Georgia's. She is running low on inventory... can be ordered from her directly (if she has any left) or might find it at bookstore if lucky.

As another responder noted... ID can be challenging. Taxonomy key used in Crum and Anderson is a CHALLENGE for me to comprehend... quite technical... not user friendly... but it is still the definitive reference book.  Please note: Even in this book, phenology of bryophytes is not cited... And the reproductive process can be critical in ID (sometimes possible when sporophytes are present)... Malcolm Sargent in Illinois has developed a key that is much easier... he should post it on the Internet in the near future.

Additional Academic Internet References

Duke Univerisity Herbarium... Database of 650 + Bryophytes in the SE... now up and running

USDA Web site... photo gallery... lots of images provided by Michael Lueth of Germany...


As for expertise... Ken (UT-Knoxville) and Paul (UNA) are wonderful resources.  Both quite busy.

In Georgia, I've located one Main Moss Contact... Lynne Randolph in Atlanta... she created a demonstration moss garden at the Atlanta Botanical Gardens back in early 90s. Her moss biz is slow because of the drought and watering restictions. She told me there used to be a couple of professors at UGA but I haven't tracked them down yet.

Field Guide of Bryophytes is needed for all of us... yet, it needs to include several views... some mosses have dramatic changes in appearance based on their current water content... and can transform quickly (Rhodobryum roseum... a favorite example). And... it is fascinating to view not only the colony... but the individual plant... and then take it another step and show it under the microscope... Seems like at least five photos would be helpful... and descriptions written for the general public not just botanists and bryologists. Actually... this idea is in the works... What do you think?

NEWS FLASH... Great Smokies Spring Wildflower Pilgrimage April 23-27, 2008... Gatlinburg TN... Ken McFarland will be leading BRYOPHYTE walk on Saturday in Greenbriar Ranger Station area... incredible opportunity to learn from him... (he is the creator of the Pilgrimage and still serves as main organizer each year)

Other summer workshops in SE include: Western Carolina University and Highlands Biological Station...

Moss Workshop scheduled on Earth Day, April 22, 2008 on 300-acre mountain retreat in Brevard, NC... will include:  Moss Gardening... Basic Bryophyte ID... Full-cycle GREEN rescue of mosses... Guided Moss walk...

If you wish to network further, I am in Atlanta frequently since my son attends GA Tech... I'm lucky enough to live in the mountains of WNC... over 450+ bryophytes... started creating my own moss garden about 8 years ago... go mossin' 3-4 times a week... even got some great photos this afternoon of Polytrichum in an icicle and some dramatic black Grimmia on striated granite/quartz rock face.

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« Reply #17 on: March 03, 2008, 02:49:53 PM »

Thanks Annie for the contributions! Saw your post over at GardenWeb. Was hoping you post more particulars on the Earth Day
moss related events as I am not involved in such or any related events. Not even locally. Very limited resources especially of time.
Currently I am working on a complete rehash of the moss section of my website and will be adding an extensive links page to it
plus more plants and what I am doing with cultivation in containers which is the only way that I can grow them out here in
Coastal California.
What I would like to see is a little more tying up images to the listing I left here but at the moment it is beyond my time resources to do so and am hoping others can perform the task. I only wish that MOBOT had already completed its moss flora so that the list that I developed from it on the Georgia mosses would be complete. But in time.
In the meantime I agree with you Annie. That is one reason I have constructed the moss journals on my website. Just a basic preliminary intro that provides some worthwhile (?) images and some info on the mosses.  A pictorial guide sounds nice but I
think it should focus on a specific area, such as the Piedmont or the Blue Ridge Mountains and feature 3 basic images: one of the general area that the subject colony is growing in, the subject colony of moss, and a close up of the subject moss (perhaps adding another image(s) for seasonal changes in the colony).  There seems to be a strong interest in such a book but little activity from what I can see!
For those who can, I definitely encourage visiting and imaging your local mosses with close ups too!
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« Reply #18 on: March 14, 2008, 04:59:20 PM »

A very interesting development occurred during the past week.
The site at which I had most of my plant web  journals deleted my journals and blocked me from access! Shocked
Without explanation of course. It is unfortunate but it is a definite HEADS UP! alert to me.
What is even more interesting is that my home page site at freeservers also blocked me from access and
noted that I did not exist at that site. However it recovered my site in a day or two. Again without
It is doubtful that I exceeded the bandwidth allowed at either of the sites. Possibly may be due to the fact that
I am or was using three different free sites to host webjournals. Howbeit!

So I have (as of today) just about recovered most of my lost pages and loaded them onto Photobucket since most
are just jpegs. To view the pages use the menu in the upper left corner and click on any listed subdirectory, such
as Mosses and then any further subdirectory such as Georgia mosses. Here is the link:

I keep thinking that these events did me a BIG FAVOR! Now I do not have to be concerned about constructing HTML pages!!  Grin
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« Reply #19 on: May 20, 2008, 05:05:47 AM »

This morning I decided to go ahead and work in links to what images I can find on the moss species listing. Will try and add some everyday until I am done. I will be using the USDA images and then will try and find those not there. It is doubtful that I will be successful with finding images that the USDA do not cover elsewhere. If you are into mosses and find the links of value I recommend that you copy the entire page and post onto a Notepad document. This page can be opened with IE.
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I'm no botanist, and I don't even play one on TV.

« Reply #20 on: May 21, 2008, 11:04:05 AM »

Sounds to me like y'all need to have a mosses wiki. You could control who gets to create the info, of course, but wikis are stable and easy to use. I have been working sporadically on setting one up for BotSoc, and I would think mosses could be a part of that. Any interest?


This is where a signature would be, if I had one.
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« Reply #21 on: May 21, 2008, 12:42:22 PM »

Thanks Merrill for the suggestion. I have gone as far as I am going with this thread. If I am still around in a year I will check on the images at USDA to add other links if any new ones have been added to that site. I definitely welcome any additional replies with links to images of the listed Georgia species as well as notation of other non listed species found in Georgia as the list is only from Vol. 27 at efloras and does not cover all the mosses found in the US yet. For additional images and information check my photobucket site
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« Reply #22 on: March 20, 2010, 08:01:15 PM »

Very nice.  Thanks for your efforts.

Rich Reaves
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« Reply #23 on: September 23, 2010, 07:59:23 PM »

Here is an image of an unidentified moss species from the Piedmont of Georgia. It is housed in a reused plastic TV dinner tray that holes have been drilled into around the base of the tray. It is growing on a clay soil base.  It receives about 2 to 3 hours of direct sun during late morning into early afternoon, possibly more depending upon the time of year. It is watered only with reverse osmosis water. It has been growing in the tray since late February, 2007.
It is a great looking scene that I wanted to share.
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« Reply #24 on: January 21, 2011, 09:45:29 PM »


Compiled from information found at EFLORAS.ORG.
Information arranged alphabetically with scientific name
followed by efloras reference link that is followed by a link
to images at the USDA website, if available. Other images that
may be linked to include:  (great images)

NOTE: above links, apart from established institutions and government
agencies may be broken over the course of time. If you wish access to
the images or information on those sites then I recommend that you print
out the page(s) in question, if the site allows it.

NEEDED: Images of those mosses that have none on this listing. If you
know the moss and can photograph then I appreciate it if you could do so
and post same at a website, such as Photobucket, and provide a link.

THIS LIST IS INCOMPLETE. Additions will be forthcoming as the bryologists
at the Missouri Botanic Gardens continue to enhance the postings at If you know of any species not listed please provide such
information and image, if possible. Thanks.

Species with an asterisk * are latest additions that may not be
fully completed at efloras so linking may be changed in the future.


*Amblystegium serpens

*Amphidium mougeotii

*Anacamptodon splachnoides

*Anomodon attenuatus
*Anomodon minor
*Anomodon rostratus
*Anomodon rugelii
*Anomodon tristis

Atrichum angustatum

Barbula convoluta Hedwig var. convoluta
Barbula indica (Hooker) Sprengel var. indica
Barbula unguiculata

*Bartramia pomiformis

*Brachelyma subulatum

*Brotherella recurvans

*Bryhnia graminicolor
*Bryhnia novae-angliae

*Bryoandersonia illecebra

Bucklandiella venusta

*Campyliadelphus chrysophyllus
   Must use left species scroll bar down to species:

*Campylium stellatum

*Campylophyllum hispidulum

*Chryso-hypnum diminutivum

*Clasmatodon parvulus

Codriophorus acicularis

*Cryphaea glomerata
*Cryphaea nervosa
*Cryphaea ravenelii

*Cyrto-hypnum minutulum
*Cyrto-hypnum pygmaeum

*Dichelyma capillaceum

*Drummondia prorepens

Entosthodon drummondii

*Eurhynchiastrum pulchellum (Hedwig) Ignatov & Huttunen var. pulchellum
   as Eurhynchium pulchellum

Fissidens adianthoides
Fissidens asplenioides
Fissidens bryoides
Fissidens bushii
Fissidens dubius
Fissidens elegans
Fissidens fontanus
Fissidens minutulus
Fissidens obtusifolius
Fissidens osmundioides
   Must use left species scroll bar down to species:
Fissidens pellucidus Hornschuch var. pellucidus
Fissidens polypodioides
Fissidens subbasilaris
Fissidens taxifolius
Fissidens zollingeri

*Fontinalis dalecarlica
*Fontinalis novae-angliae
*Fontinalis sphagnifolia
*Fontinalis sullivantii

*Forsstroemia trichomitria

Funaria americana
Funaria flavicans
Funaria hygrometrica var. calvescens
Funaria hygrometrica Hedwig var. hygrometrica
Funaria serrata

Grimmia pilifera

*Hageniella micans

*Herpetineuron toccoae

*Herzogiella striatella

*Heterophyllium affine

*Homalotheciella subcapillata
*Hygroamblystegium varium
   as Amblystegium varium:

*Hylocomium splendens

Hyophila involuta

Hyophiladelphus agrarius

*Hypnum curvifolium
*Hypnum fauriei
*Hypnum imponens
*Hypnum pallescens
*Hypnum plicatulum

*Isopterygium tenerum

*Leptodictyum riparium

Leptodontium viticulosoides var. sulphureum
   Image of species not this variety:

*Leskea australis   
*Leskea obscura
*Leskea polycarpa

Leucobryum albidum
Leucobryum glaucum

*Leucodon brachypus
*Leucodon julaceus

*Loeskeobryum brevirostre

Luisierella barbula

*Macrocoma tenuis subsp. sullivantii
   image of species not this subspecies:

*Neckera complanata

*Orthotrichum exiguum
*Orthotrichum lescurii
*Orthotrichum ohioense
*Orthotrichum pusillum
*Orthotrichum stellatum

*Oxyrrhynchium hians
   Must use left species scroll bar down to species:

*Palamocaldium leskeoides

*Philonotis fontana var. fontana
*Philonotis longiseta   
*Philonotis marchica
*Philonotis uncinata

Physcomitrium pyriforme

*Plagiothecium cavifolium

*Platygyrium repens

*Platylomella lescurii

Pleurochaete luteola

*Pleurozium schreberi

Pogonatum brachyphyllum

*Pohlia annotina
*Pohlia elongata
*Pohlia nutans
*Pohlia rabunbaldensis

Polytrichastrum ohioense

Polytrichum commune Hedwig var. commune
Polytrichum juniperinum
Polytrichum strictum

*Pseudocampylium radicale

*Pseudotaxiphyllum distichaceum
*Pseudotaxiphyllum elegans

Ptychomitrium drummondii
Ptychomitrium incurvum

*Ptychostomum pseudotriquetrum

*Pylaisia selwynii
*Pylaisia intricata

*Pylaisiadelpha tenuirostris

*Pyrrhobryum spiniforme

*Rhodobryum ontariense

*Rhynchostegium aquaticum
*Rhynchostegium serrulatum

*Schlotheimia rugifolia

*Schwetschkeopsis fabronia

*Sciuro-hypnum plumosum

Scopelophila ligulata

Sphagnum affine
Sphagnum carolinianum
Sphagnum compactum
Sphagnum cribrosum
Sphagnum cuspidatum
Sphagnum cyclophyllum
Sphagnum fitzgeraldii
Sphagnum henryense
Sphagnum lescurii
Sphagnum macrophyllum
Sphagnum magellanicum
Sphagnum molle
Sphagnum palustre
Sphagnum perichaetiale
Sphagnum quinquefarium
Sphagnum recurvum
Sphagnum strictum
Sphagnum tenerum
Sphagnum torreyanum
Sphagnum trinitense

Syntrichia laevipila
Syntrichia papillosa

*Taxiphyllum deplanatum
*Taxiphyllum taxirameum

Tetraphis pellucida Hedwig var. pellucida

*Thamnobryum alleghaniense

*Thuidium allenii
*Thuidium delicatulum var. delicatulum
*Thuidium recognitum

Tortella flavovirens
Tortella humilis

Tortula muralis
Tortula obtusifolia
Tortula plinthobia

*Ulota crispa
   PDF enlarge to 100% plant on page 11
*Ulota hutchinsiae (Smith) Hammar var. hutchinsiae

Weissia controversa
Weissia jamaicensis
Weissia sharpii

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